Comprehensive Internationalization: From Concept to Action

John K. Hudzik

This publication explores the imperative of internationalization, particularly the emerging idea of comprehensive internationalization (CI). CI is an organizing paradigm to think holistically about higher education internationalization and how internationalization is evolving in the early twenty-first century in the United States to involve widening sets of objectives and people on and off campus.


The purpose is not to prescribe a particular model or set of objectives, but to recognize a diversity of approaches to CI allowing each institution to choose its own path and its particular contribution consistent with its missions, clientele, programs, resources, and values.


This publication explores the meanings, elements, and methods of CI and advocates diversity in approach, as well as examines the organizational dynamics of pursuing both.